Develop energy sources and infrastructures for carbon-free mobility
Carbon-free mobility (electric, biofuel) is one of the French government’s key pillars to ensure that the nation’s transportation systems make the energy transition by 2040. The technologies concerned cover biofuels and synthetic fuels made using green chemistry as well as all-electric and hybrid-electric vehicles powered by batteries and/or hydrogen. This Strategic Focus Area encompasses land transportation, including construction and logistics equipment and vehicles, river and lake vessels, and rail vehicles.
Tenerrdis’ 2022 objectives
The cluster will create the conditions necessary for the transition to long-lasting carbon-free mobility, drawing on the region’s leadership in electricity, biofuel, and hydrogen to support the national target of 100% carbon-free land transportation by 2040.
key challenges addressed by tenerrdis
Carbon-free mobility initiatives must improve the energy and environmental performance of transportation, support the emergence of new digital services, and ensure geographical coverage to meet communities’ and users’ needs. Therefore, the cluster will address the following issues as top priorities:
- Vehicle energy management and optimization.
- New generations of storage solutions for mobility (batteries, hydrogen)
- New generations of electric motors that limit the use of critical materials
- Impact of high-power terminals on electric vehicles and on the grid
- Battery recycling and second life solutions
- Interoperability of infrastructures, an issue common to electricity, gas, and hydrogen (for example, it is currently not possible to use the same card to access all local charging/filling stations)
- Filling station operating status and inventory (especially for small-capacity stations)
- Vehicle-to-grid interactions and charging flexibility
- Interactions between infrastructures and demand on the grid
- Support excellence in hydrogen in the region
- Support the development of biofuel in the region
- Raise regional stakeholders’ (especially local governments) awareness of best practices for the implementation of electric mobility (where to put charging stations, how electric vehicles can be used)
Partnership with cluster CARA
Additional issues will be addressed under the partnership agreement with cluster CARA, in particular on the following three topics:
- Jobs/competencies/training to support local economic development
- Assistance for end users in deciding to adapt or change their vehicle’s drive system
- Projects targeting river and lake transportation
EU and France set ambitious target
At a time when the European Parliament has just voted to lower CO2 emissions from cars by 40% by 2030, the issue of carbon-free mobility is more crucial than ever, both to the energy transition and to France’s industrial economy.
The National Council for Industry’s automotive-industry contract for 2018–2027 sets forth the following two strategic objectives: “support the emergence of a battery industry,” and “create a competitive hydrogen industry and support expanded use of hydrogen.” In addition, the French government has issued national implementation plans for electric vehicle charging, vehicle-grade natural gas and renewable natural gas, and hydrogen infrastructures—proof that carbon-free mobility will be multi-energy.
In the region
At the regional level, the trend is also clear, as evidenced by major projects like GNVolontaire, initiated by gas utility GRDF and energy agency ADEME in 2015 to create some 20 vehicle-grade natural gas filling stations by 2020, and Zero Emission Valley (ZEV) to support the deployment of 1,000 hydrogen-powered vehicles and 20 hydrogen filling stations by 2022. The region has also initiated two foundational projects, the Electric Mobility Campus based on a shared educational platform (P3E in Givors) and the KIC Mobility project submitted with a consortium of partners including Michelin, INSA Lyon, and IFFSTAR.
Tenerrdis has close relationships with key carbon-free mobility stakeholders at the European level (AVERE; H2020 and, especially, NGVA Europe; and FCH-JU, H2020, Horizon Europe currently in the preparation phase), in France (AVERE-France, AFHYPAC, AFGNV, PFA, CSF Automobile, ADEME, CARNAUTO, and the Instituts Carnot network), and in the region (CARA cluster; a partnership agreement has been signed on carbon-free mobility).
The HyWay project, which was initiated at Tenerrdis in 2013, is the first stage in a plan developed by France’s hydrogen-powered mobility consortium to get clusters of hydrogen-powered vehicles and the associated filling stations implemented by 2030. This unique implementation model, developed in France, involves the simultaneous rollout of multi-customer captive fleets and several hydrogen filling stations.